Biography


Antoinette (Toni) Tease

Registered patent attorney who practices in the areas of intellectual property and technology law.

Before forming her own law firm in 2003, Ms. Tease was General Counsel for Rocky Mountain Technology Group, Inc., a software development company with its worldwide headquarters in Billings, Montana. From 1995 to 2001, Ms. Tease was a member of the law firm of Crowley, Haughey, Hanson, Toole & Deitrich, P.L.L.P., the region's largest law firm, where she represented clients in both high-tech and traditional industries in intellectual property matters. While at Crowley, Ms. Tease was a partner and Chair of the firm's Intellectual Property and Technology Practice Group. Before moving to Montana in 1995, Ms. Tease practiced with the law firms of Wiley, Rein & Fielding in Washington, D.C., and Shearman & Sterling in New York City. After graduation from law school in 1990, Ms. Tease clerked for United States District Judge David A. Ezra in Honolulu, Hawaii. Ms. Tease attended law school at the University of Connecticut School of Law, where she was a Notes and Comments Editor for the Connecticut Law Review, and where she graduated with High Honors in the top 3% of her class. Ms. Tease obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard University, where she majored in Economics.

Ms. Tease was an active member of the American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law for over a decade. Her last leadership position with the ABA was as the Assistant Financial Officer for the Section. From 2007 to 2012, she served as a member of Council, the governing body of the ABA-IPL Section. She also served as Publications Officer and Chair of the Content Advisory Board from 2010 to 2012 and Vice Chair of the Content Advisory Board from 2007 to 2010. As Publications Officer, Ms. Tease was responsible for overseeing all of the Section's publications, including the Landslide magazine, the Annual Review, and all books published by the Section. Ms. Tease is former Chair of Division VII, Information Technology, and former Chair of the Committees on Computer Software Technology, Computer Programs, and Databases. Ms. Tease has served on the Section's Strategic Communications Task Force, which engaged in long-range planning, and the Sponsorship Task Force. In addition, Ms. Tease is a former member of the Section's Patent Law Reform, Business Method Patents, and Chinese Patent Law Reform Task Forces.

Ms. Tease has testified before the U.S. Senate Finance Committee on issues pertaining to intellectual property enforcement, and she has also testified as an expert witness on patent matters in infringement cases involving medical devices and agricultural equipment. Ms. Tease has filed more patent infringement cases than any other lawyer in Montana, and she successfully represented the patent holder in the first Montana patent case to be appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Ms. Tease is currently a member of the Montana World Trade Center Tech Export Team. Ms. Tease served on the Business Advisory Board for the Montana State University-Billings College of Business for a number of years and was formerly on the Board of Advisors for the Montana Business Incubator in Billings. She is also a frequent speaker on intellectual property law topics and has served for multiple terms on the Montana State Bar CLE Institute. Ms. Tease is an Inaugural Member of the Montana State Bar Intellectual Property Law Section, for which she served as Chair of the Section from 2018-2019. Ms. Tease has previously served as Trustee and Chair of the Board of Trustees for the State Bar of Montana. In this role, she acted as Trustee Liaison for the CLE Institute and for the Technology Section of the Montana State Bar. Ms. Tease is currently President-elect of the Montana State Bar and will serve as President during the 2024-25 term.

In addition to being admitted to practice in Montana, Wyoming and New York, Ms. Tease is admitted to practice before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, the U.S. District Court for the District of Montana, the U.S. District Court for the District of Wyoming, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Ms. Tease is Treasurer of the Harvard Club of Montana.

Curriculum Vitae

Experience
Education
Publications
Presentations
Affiliations
Testimony
Patents
Bar Admissions

Antoinette M. Tease, P.L.L.C.

2003-present | Billings, MT

Principal

Rocky Mountain Technology Group, Inc.

2001-2003 | Billings, MT

General Counsel

Crowley Law Firm

1995–2001 | Billings, MT

Partner

Wiley, Rein & Fielding

1992-1995 | Washington, DC

Associate

Shearman & Sterling

1991-1992 | New York, NY

Associate

US District Court

1990-1991 | Honolulu, HI

Law Clerk

University of Connecticut School of Law

1987-1990 | Hartford, CT

Obtained J.D. degree with High Honors.

Harvard University

1983-1987 | Cambridge, MA

Obtained B.A. degree in Economics.



August 2020

In 2010, we published an article about fraud on the trademark office. In the intervening decade, the trademark office has cracked down on fraud in a number of ways, all of which are designed to…


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July 2020

Thanks to our agricultural roots and entrepreneurial spirit, Montana has a thriving and ever-expanding food industry. Among the products made and sold by Montana producers are meats and—believe it or…


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June 2020

The term "artificial intelligence" is a misnomer. People use it to refer to things that machines can do, but machines could not do those things unless a human programmed them to do them. "Artificial…


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June 2019

Last month we wrote to you about two basic ways to sell product - through a distributor or with the assistance of a sales representative - and we addressed state laws that govern sales representative…


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May 2019

There are two basic ways to sell a product: directly to consumers or indirectly to consumers via a distributor or retailer. Direct-to-consumer sales are typically made through brick-and-mortar stores…


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February 2019

Intellectual property law encompasses patents, trademarks, and copyrights, and each of these areas of law has specific rules that are not necessarily consistent with the rules applicable to other…


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December 2018

On October 11, 2018, Congress passed the Music Modernization Act, which calls for the creation of a worldwide database of songs that will be searchable for licensing purposes. Digital streaming…


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August 2018

TVEyes Inc., a company located in Fairfield, Connecticut, was incorporated in 2000 and describes itself as "the search engine for broadcast." The company's focus is on making news broadcasts readily…


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June 2018

Earlier this year, a company called Power Block Coin, LLC announced its plans to invest over $250 million in a special tax finance district west of Butte, Montana. This money will be used to provide…


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March 2018

Let's say you develop a product (the coolest backpack ever), register your trademark ("Larkspur Designs"), and hit the market. Two months later, you discover that some other company (seller name:…


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January 2018

The word "maverick" has been used to describe politicians such as Senators John McCain (Arizona) and Lowell Weicker (Connecticut), but the term derives from 19th century land baron Samuel Maverick, a…


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August 2017

Patent scams do come in all shapes and forms—and I am not referring just to the people who advertise on tv (we will save that article for another day). I have never seen an ad for a patent attorney…


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June 2017

Whether you are a new business owner or an experienced entrepreneur starting up a new business, these seven tips will save you money when it comes to your trademarks and domain names.1. Conduct at…


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January 2017

Roughly one year ago, Montana joined the bandwagon of states that have passed so-called "cottage food" laws. This, coupled with Montana's leadership in the brewery, winery and distillery industries,…


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August 2016

Montana currently ranks 38 out of 50 states for per capita income, up from 47 in 2014, and has enjoyed the fifth fastest wage growth among all states over the past decade. According to Barbara…


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July 2016

There is a new game in town, and it's called an international design. For some time now, the rest of the world has treated "designs" more like trademarks than patents—according to the World…


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June 2016

Montana deserves credit for enacting legislation in 2015 that makes it easier for inventors and startup businesses to attract investors by eliminating onerous securities registration requirements for…


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February 2016

This may come as a surprise to many readers, but the first computer programmer was a woman. Her name was Ada Lovelace (née Byron), and she was the daughter of the famous poet Lord Byron. The fact…


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January 2016

As a patent attorney in Billings, Montana, I have represented hundreds of patent owners and about a dozen clients that have received cease and desist letters (or "invitations to license") from patent…


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December 2015

On April 2, 2015, Governor Steve Bullock signed Senate Bill 39, which was a bill (now a law) intended to protect Montana businesses from being targeted by patent trolls. The phrase "patent troll" is…


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June 2015

On April 2, 2015, Governor Steve Bullock signed Senate Bill 39, which was a bill (now a law) intended to protect Montana businesses from being targeted by patent trolls. The phrase "patent troll" is…


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March 2015

Part 3: DistilleriesThis article is the third in our three-part series on the burgeoning winery, brewery and distillery industries in Montana. RoughStock Distillery of Bozeman claims to be the first…


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February 2015

Part 2: BreweriesThis article is the second in a three-part series of articles regarding the licensing of alcoholic beverages in Montana. Our first article dealt with wineries; this article will…


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January 2015

Part 1: WineriesDrive through downtown Billings, and the profusion of microbreweries and distilleries is apparent. New York City we are not (some would say for the better), but Billings does have its…


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December 2014

According to Statistics Brain (http://www.statisticbrain.com/tattoo-statistics/), the amount of money spent on tattoos in the United States alone exceeds $1.6 billion annually. There are over 20,000…


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October 2014

In our February 2011 article, we discussed the four factors that are considered by courts in determining whether "fair use" (a defense to infringement) exists under U.S. copyright law. The first…


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August 2013

In June of this year, the U.S. Supreme Court decided a case involving the patentability of human genes. According to the Court, human genes in and of themselves are not patentable, but synthetic…


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June 2013

The Supreme Courts in both Canada and the United States have now rejected farmers' claims that Monsanto's patents on glyphosate-resistant plants should not apply to the replanting and/or re-use of…


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March 2013

It is a fundamental principle of U.S. copyright law that the owner of a copyright has certain exclusive rights. These rights include the exclusive right to distribute the work in the United States.…


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January 2013

As a follow-up to our last article on franchises, this article discusses a recent decision by the Quebec Superior Court that penalized the Dunkin' Donuts franchisor to the tune of $16 million for not…


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November 2012

At first blush, a franchise sounds like a great business opportunity--someone else has already taken the risks associated with developing a product, establishing a market, and protecting a brand. All…


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September 2012

An issue that frequently arises in the context of patent infringement litigation is whether a first-filed declaratory judgment action brought by an accused infringer should be stayed, transferred or…


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July 2012

The Bakken--a 200,000-square mile area of subsurface rock extending across parts of North Dakota, Montana and Saskatchewan--represents the largest oil boom this country has seen in decades. The…


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May 2012

I have acted as a testifying expert, and I have also retained numerous expert witnesses throughout my career. A good expert is one who does her homework, who has a high degree of credibility because…


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March 2012

The U.S. Customs & Border Protection (CBP) agency has a procedure for recording registered trademarks and copyrighted works with CBP. Recordation of your trademark or copyrighted work with the…


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February 2012

Most people think of copyright law as applying to creative works like books, movies, paintings, photographs, sculptures and other works of art and/or literature; however, copyright law also protects…


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January 2012

One year ago, we wrote about fair use under U.S. copyright law (click here to view this article). There is a similar "fair use" doctrine under U.S. trademark law, and this article provides a summary…


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December 2011

I am asked all the time by new clients what they can (or should) do with a patent once they get one. There are really only two options: you can make and sell your invention, or you can let someone…


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November 2011

At long last, the United States has passed patent law reform legislation. On September 16, 2011, President Obama signed into law the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act. We wrote about prior versions of…


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October 2011

One of the more creative defenses that has arisen in the context of patent infringement litigation is called "divided infringement." Under this theory, a defendant is not liable if it performed some,…


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September 2011

Earlier this year, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Number (ICANN) approved the execution of a registry agreement with the ICM Registry for the registration of ".xxx" domain names. The…


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August 2011

On July 29, 2011, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (the court that hears all patent appeals) issued a decision that struck a decisive blow to patent trolls. The term "patent troll"…


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July 2011

When coming up with a name for a new business or product, many people assume that they will avoid trademark repercussions-and that they do not need to do a trademark search-if they simply use their…


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June 2011

In short, the answer is yes, as long as the requirements for patentability (utility, novelty and nonobviousness) are met; however, the vast majority of food products are protected as trade secrets…


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May 2011

Although I specialize in intellectual property law, we are often asked whether a company can include minimum pricing requirement in its contracts with distributors or retailers. What most of our…


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April 2011

The first two issues I address with every new patent client who contacts me are ownership and disclosure. Before you proceed with the patent process, you need to make sure you own the patent rights…


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March 2011

As many of you know who have been following the patent law reform debate, patent law reform has been a long time coming. (For our earlier article on patent law reform, please go here.) Earlier this…


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February 2011

Unlike patent law, copyright does not protect the underlying idea. In other words, if you come up with a new method for training workers online, you will not be able to protect that method under…


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January 2011

It is basic tenet of patent law that if you buy a patented product directly from the patent owner or its authorized licensee, you cannot be held liable for patent infringement with respect to that…


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December 2010

There are individuals who intentionally commit fraud on the trademark office in an attempt to obtain rights to which they are not entitled, but more often than not, it is individuals--either…


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November 2010

One of the fundamental tenets of patent law is that you cannot patent a concept. I have always wanted to figure out a way to beam myself from one place to another, but I have never figured out how to…


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October 2010

In a decision dated October 14, 2010, Judge Michael Phelan of the Federal Court in Ottawa, Ontario, reversed a decision by the Canadian Commissioner of Patents holding that business methods are not…


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September 2010

Pursuant to international treaty, all patent applications filed in the United States are published eighteen months after the earliest filing (priority) date. In this context, the term "published"…


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August 2010

Nearly every business today has a website, and the content of your website may include valuable intellectual content. For example, you may have white papers, charts and graphs reflecting your…


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July 2010

In a June 28, 2010 decision involving the patentability of business methods, the U.S. Supreme Court rejected the "machine-or-transformation" test handed down by the U.S. Court of Appeal for the…


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June 2010

In two recent decisions, the German Federal Supreme Court in Karlsruhe upheld the patentability of two different computer program-related inventions on the ground that software is patentable as long…


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May 2010

Under U.S. copyright law, an "architectural work" is defined as "the design of a building as embodied in any tangible medium of expression, including a building, architectural plans or drawings."…


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April 2010

Your trademark is an important asset of your business. To preserve and enhance its value, it is critical that the trademark be used properly. Following is a list of basic rules for trademark usage:1.…


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March 2010

There is such a thing as a "naked" license, and in a sense, it does mean a license without clothes. The term "naked license" is a phrase that arises under U.S. trademark law, and it refers to a…


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February 2010

This article is intended to provide an overview of the trademark registration process for clients who have not been through the process before. Prior to filing a federal trademark application, we…


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January 2010

We are often asked to represent clients seeking to buy or sell an Internet-based business. Our role typically is not as corporate counsel but as intellectual property counsel for either the buyer or…


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December 2009

Many of our clients are individual inventors, and almost without exception, we recommend that they form an entity and assign their patent rights to the entity. The purpose of this article is to…


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November 2009

1. IntroductionThere are four types of intellectual property-patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets-and every business has some form of intellectual property. Patents protect inventions,…


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October 2009

The confidentiality of a federal copyright application and deposit is an issue that is of concern to many of our clients. Often times the confidentiality issue is the determinative factor in terms of…


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August 2009

There are two types of federal trademark registrations-Principal Register and Supplemental Register. Descriptive marks may not be registered on the Principal Register unless they have been in use in…


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July 2009

In our May 2006 issue, we explained the rules regarding the use of patent markings. A patent marking is a phrase like "patent pending" or "U.S. Patent No. 7,357,193" that appears on a product or in…


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June 2009

In our last issue, we wrote about intervening rights under U.S. patent law. The term "intervening rights" refers to the rule that if you broaden the claims of your patent through a reissue, you…


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May 2009

The doctrine of intervening rights under U.S. patent law is based on Section 252 of the Patent Act. This statute applies to reissued patents, and it states that anyone who made, purchased, offered to…


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April 2009

After an initial trial period implemented in cooperation with the Japanese Patent Office, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has entered into so-called "patent prosecution highway" (PPH)…


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March 2009

The purpose of this month's newsletter is to provide guidance to clients for whom I have been engaged to file a software patent application. Because a software patent application must explain not…


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February 2009

There are three possible avenues for protecting plant-related inventions. The first is to obtain a plant patent. A plant patent is a different than a utility patent (which is what most people think…


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January 2009

On October 30, 2008, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit handed down a decision that purports to clarify the standard for determining whether a "process" is patentable. Section 101 of…


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December 2008

In the first reported decision to directly address the enforceability of open source licenses, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled on August 13, 2008, that the grantor of an open…


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November 2008

On October 13, 2008, President Bush signed into law Senate Bill 3325, entitled the “Prioritizing Resources and organization for Intellectual Property Act of 2008.” According to an October 14, 2008…


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May 2007

There has been a growing consensus for some time that patent reform is necessary, but there has not always been a consensus as to which aspects of our current patent system need to be changed. That…


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April 2007

Under the "deemed export rule," the sharing of technology with a foreign national located in the United States is treated the same as an export of technology overseas. The deemed export rule is…


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March 2007

This article is based on a written interview provided by Antoinette M. Tease for the online publication IT Business Edge. That article can be viewed here.The Boston Globe reported on February 27,…


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February 2007

On October 13, 2006, the Security and Accountability For Every Port Act (the "SAFE Port Act") was signed into law. Although the bill was initially introduced in the House of Representatives, it…


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January 2007

Earlier this month, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a decision that will make it easier for licensees to challenge the validity of their licensors’ patents. In MedImmune, Inc. v. Genentech, Inc.,…


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December 2006

To assist our clients in negotiating patent license agreements, we have developed a patent license agreement term sheet questionnaire. This questionnaire was originally intended to provide inventors…


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November 2006

In the first reported U.S. case to address, albeit indirectly, the validity of open source licenses, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held in Wallace v. International…


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September 2006

Computer programs are a unique form of intellectual property in that they can be protected by both patent and copyright laws. This article addresses copyright protection for computer programs. There…


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August 2006

In a case closely followed by baseball enthusiasts, a federal judge in St. Louis ruled earlier this month that the Major League Baseball Players’ Association does not own the intellectual property…


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July 2006

On November 3, 2005, the U.S. Patent Office published what is purportedly the first “storyline” patent application to be filed in the United States. The term “storyline patent” was coined by the…


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June 2006

On February 23, 2006, a Montana District Court Judge handed down a decision that could have serious implications for the way contracts are drafted in Montana, particularly those contracts that are…


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May 2006

A patent marking is a notice that appears on a product that tells the public that the product is covered by either an issued patent or a pending patent application. For issued patents, the marking…


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April 2006

In deciding whether to file a federal trademark application, clients often ask about the benefits of a federal trademark registration. This article will briefly review those benefits. For any company…


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January 2006

1. Ascertain What Type of Intellectual Property Is At Issue. When a client confronts you with a potential intellectual property (IP) matter, the first thing you need to do is determine what type of…


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December 2005

In 1988, the Montana Historical Society published an anthology of stories about Montana edited by William Kittredge and Annick Smith. The anthology is beloved by Montanans and includes writings from…


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November 2005

On November 10, the United States Senate passed two bills intended to strengthen criminal laws against those who traffic in counterfeit goods. The first bill, S. 1699, is entitled the “Stop…


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October 2005

Last April, Montana joined a number of states that have passed data security legislation to protect consumers in the event of breaches in the security of databases containing personal information.…


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September 2005

Under US copyright law, an individual who creates a copyrightable work—such as a book, magazine, photograph, painting, sculpture, musical composition, sound recording, software application, or piece…


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August 2005

Often two or more people will decide to work together on a collaborative project that results in the creation of a copyrightable work, such as a book, videotape or even a software program. More often…


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July 2005

A covenant not to compete (or “non-compete agreement”) is an agreement not to compete with a former business partner, employer, customer, vendor or any other party with whom you have a current…


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June 2005

The following article is a guest column by John Lambert of NIPC (Northern Intellectual Property Chambers) in the United Kingdom. Mr. Lambert is a barrister of Lincoln's Inn and the Northern Circuit…


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May 2005

With any software development project, there is or should be a written agreement between the development firm and the customer. If the contract is well drafted, and if the parties are ethical (i.e.,…


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April 2005

A new technology developed by a Japanese communications company called Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (“NTT”) uses the human body for broadband networking. More specifically, NTT’s…


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February 2005

Many in the U.S. have criticized the liberalness with which, in their view, the U.S. Patent Office grants software and business method patents. Yet our patent office continues unabashedly to apply…


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February 2005

One form of trademark infringement unique to the Internet involves the use of metatags. Metatags are key words used to direct Internet users to a website, and they are hidden to the normal website…


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January 2005

A certification mark is a name, logo or slogan that is used to signify that the goods or services used in connection with the mark meet certain standards. According to the trademark office, there are…


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December 2004

An issue that often arises for technology companies is whether to hire someone as an independent contractor or an employee—and if a person is hired as an independent contractor, whether that person…


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November 2004

Earlier this month, in the nation’s first felony spam trial, a brother and sister team were convicted under Virginia’s anti-spam law for sending junk email to millions of America Online customers.…


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October 2004

In a settlement reached less than two weeks ago, Sun Microsystems agreed to pay Eastman Kodak Co. $92 million in damages for infringement of three of Kodak’s software patents. The patents involved an…


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September 2004

For drugs that are subject to FDA approval, patent holders can obtain extensions of their patent terms if the drug is still being reviewed by the FDA when the patent issues. This type of patent term…


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August 2004

Most inventors know that the U.S. patent laws give the holder of a U.S. patent the right to prevent others from making, using, or selling the patented invention in the United States or importing that…


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July 2004

In a recent decision involving insurance coverage, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (located in Richmond, Virginia) held that software and data are not “tangible” property.…


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June 2004

In our March 2004 newsletter, we talked about the Canadian Supreme Court decision in Harvard College v. Canada. Breaking ranks with the United States, the Canadian Supreme Court held in Harvard…


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May 2004

An issue that should be of interest to anyone who holds stock in a corporation is whether and to what extent a shareholder can be held liable for an act of copyright infringement on the part of the…


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April 2004

Under U.S. patent law, inventors have one year within which to file a patent application after any one of the following events: publication of a document describing the invention, a sale of the…


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March 2004

In 1980, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Diamond v. Chakrabarty that living organisms are patentable if they are the result of human effort or ingenuity, in other words, if they are genetically…


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February 2004

In a recent decision involving insurance coverage, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (located in Richmond, Virginia) held that software and data are not “tangible” property.…


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January 2004

By virtue of the Visual Artists Rights Act, artists have intellectual property protection that extends beyond traditional copyright law. Under copyright law, an artist has the exclusive right to…


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December 2003

I have received a lot of questions about the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, but perhaps the least known provision of that Act is the Vessel Hull Design Protection Act. You might think that an…


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November 2003

On November 2, 2003, the United States of America became a party to the Madrid Protocol, and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) began accepting international trademark applications. In 2002…


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  • MWTC TechEx: Wisetail Tells Its Tale (2016) Montana World Trade Center, Missoula, Montana
  • Tales of IP Duels in Eastern Montana(2016) State Bar of Montana, Miles City, Montana 
  • Eastern Montana CLE-Moderator (2016) State Bar of Montana, Miles City, Montana 
  • What Every Entrepreneur Needs To Know About Intellectual Property (2016) Senator Enzi’s 2016 Inventors Conference, Gillette, Wyoming 
  • Copyright and Fair Use for Educators (2016) Skyview High School, Billings, Montana 
  • Managing a Law Practice- Moderator (2016) State Bar of Montana, Great Falls, Montana 
  • What Every Entrepreneur Needs to Know About Intellectual Property (2016) Montana Small Business Development Center, Havre, Montana 
  • To Patent or Not To Patent: That Is the Question (2015) Senator Mike Enzi’s Inventors Conference, Cheyenne, Wyoming 
  • An IP Primer for Professional Engineers (2014) HalfMoon Education Inc., Helena, Montana 
  • Protection of Your Plant-Related Inventions in the United States (2014) Innovation Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 
  • Protecting Your Intellectual Property-Moderator (2013) Senator Max Baucus’s 2013 Montana Economic Development Summit, Butte, Montana 
  • Intellectual Property Law From Across the Border (2013) Innovation Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 
  • Going Global: Patent Rules for a New Age (2013) Senator Mike Enzi’s Inventors Conference, Sheridan, Wyoming 
  • Patent Law: Defending Montana Companies Against Patent Troll Litigation (2012) State Bar of Montana, Billings, Montana 
  • Patent Pending: A Discussion of Intellectual Property (2012) Manufacturing-Works, Sheridan, Wyoming 
  • Patent Law Reform for the 21st Century (2012) Montana Small Business Development Center, Missoula, Montana
  • The Status of Patent Law Reform (2011) Prospera Business Network, Bozeman, Montana 
  • Intellectual Property Law for Kids (2011) Poly Elementary School, Billings, Montana 
  • Intellectual Property Law for Kids (2011) Alkali Creek Elementary School, Billings, Montana 
  • Latest Developments in Patent Law Reform (2011) Senator Mike Enzi’s Inventors Conference, Torrington, Wyoming 
  • Protecting Your Intellectual Property in Today’s Global Market (2010) Compete Smart Montana Manufacturing Conference, Billings, Montana 
  • IP Audits: Exploring the Attics and Depths (2010) American Bar Association Teleconference
  • Patent, Trademark and Copyright Law – Moderator (2010) Senator Max Baucus’s 2010 Montana Economic Development Summit, Butte, Montana 
  • IP Policy in the Crossfire: Perspectives on Bilski (2010) American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law, San Francisco, California 
  • Protecting Your Trademarks and Inventions Abroad (2010) Senator Jon Tester’s Treasure State Export Conference, Billings, Montana 
  • An IP Primer for Future Computer Programmers (2010) Rocky Mountain College, Billings, Montana
  • Rules for the First-Time Inventor (2010) Senator Mike Enzi’s Inventors Conference, Gillette, Wyoming 
  • Intellectual Property Considerations for Young Entrepreneurs (2009) Montana State University-Billings College of Business, Billings, Montana 
  • Intellectual Property Audits: Uncovering the Dirty Little Secrets (2009) Montana State Bar Association, Missoula, Montana 
  • Roundtable Discussion: The Use of Copyrighted Materials in Marketing and Promotion (2009) Guru Marketing Group, Billings, Montana 
  • Everything You Need to Know About Protecting Your Invention (2009) Senator Mike Enzi’s Inventors Conference, Casper, Wyoming
  • Pathways to Success for IP Lawyers: Balancing Work and Life to Achieve Your Goals (2009) American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law, Arlington, Virginia 
  • Roundtable Q&A: Global Intellectual Property (IP) Issues (2009) Prospera Business Network, Bozeman, Montana 
  • Patent and Copyright Basics for Young Developers (2008) Rocky Mountain College, Billings, Montana 
  • A Primer for Business Owners on Protecting Your Intellectual Property and Avoiding Infringement (2008) Idea Expo, Cheyenne, Wyoming 
  • Members Forum: Use of Trademarks in Internet Keyword Advertising – Moderator (2008) American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property law, New York, New York 
  • Intellectual Property Considerations for a Global Business (2008) Montana World Trade Center, Billings, Montana 
  • Everything You Need to Know About Protecting Your Invention (2008) Senator Mike Enzi’s Inventors Conference, Powell, Wyoming 
  • Patent Law Basics for Investors (2008) Frontier Angel Fund, Kalispell, Montana 
  • Intellectual Property Considerations for a Global Business (2007) Montana World Trade Center, Butte, Montana 
  • Members Forum Debate: Business Method Patents (2007) American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law, San Francisco, California 
  • Open Source Software: GNU to You? (2007) Prospera Business Network and TechRanch, Bozeman, Montana 
  • Open Source Ethics for Young Developers (2007) Rocky Mountain College, Billings, Montana 
  • CLE & Ski – Moderator (2007) Montana State Bar Association, Big Sky, Montana 
  • Perspectives on Software Patents – Moderator (2006) American Bar Association Section of Intellectual Property Law, Boston, Massachusetts 
  • Intellectual Property Guidance for Paralegals (2006) Montana Paralegal Association, Billings, Montana
  • Commercialization and Freedom to Operate in a Patent World (2006) Montana Business Incubator, Billings, Montana 
  • A Primer on Intellectual Property for Prospective Inventors (2006) Montana State University – Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bozeman, Montana 
  • The Business of Technology Law: Intellectual Property Guidance for the General Practitioner (2006) Montana State Bar Association, Billings, Montana 
  • Ideas Montana Medicine: The Importance to Investors of a Strong IP Portfolio (2005) Northwest Research & Education Institute, Billings, Montana 
  • Basic Primer on Copyright Law for Educators (2005) Lockwood Schools, Lockwood, Montana
  • Patents: From Knowledge to Action (2007) Fountainhead, LLC, Shepherd, Montana 
  • Copyright Basics for Schools: Multimedia Projects (2005) Lockwood Schools, Lockwood, Montana 
  • Protecting Intellectual Property: A Technical Discussion (2007) Montana Manufacturing Extension Center, Bozeman, Montana 
  • From Madrid to Montana: Trademark Law Update (2007) Montana State Bar Association, Billings, Montana 
  • Creating a Business Around Your Intellectual Property (2004) Gallatin Development Corporation, Bozeman, Montana 
  • Open Source for Open Minds: A Discussion of the Legal Issues and Implications in Open Source Software Licenses (Moderator) (2004) American Bar Association, Toronto, Canada 
  • New Developments in Trademark Law (2004) State Bar Association, Billings, Montana 
  • Biotech and Software Patents (2003) TechRanch, Bozeman, Montana 
  • Protecting and Licensing Your Invention (2003) Gallatin Development Corporation, Bozeman, Montana 
  • Intellectual Property Law for Artists (2003) Billings Art Association, Billings, Montana
  • Ethics and Intellectual Property Law (2003) Yellowstone Area Bar Association, Billings, Montana
  • Intellectual Property Law for CEOs (2003) Montana Business Incubator, Billings, Montana 
  • Protecting Intellectual Property in the Employment Context (2003) State Bar Association, Big Sky, Montana 
  • Hot Topics in Internet Law (2002) State Bar Association, Kalispell, Montana 
  • From Start-Up to Viable Technology Company: Legal Issues Involved in the Transition (2001) Gallatin Valley Technology Alliance, Bozeman, Montana 
  • The Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (2000) Bozeman, Montana 
  • Fundamentals of Montana Intellectual Property Law and Practice (1998) Billings, Montana 
  • Montana Environmental Compliance (1998) Billings, Montana 
  • Deloitte & Touche Litigation Symposium (1994) Washington, DC
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,865,432: Foam pit cover
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,827,447: Telescoping container system
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,796,272: Rifle bedding assembly
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,716,053: Solar panel snow melter
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,713,700: Method and apparatus for converting a vehicle from a dual-in, single-out exhaust system to a dual-in, dual-out exhaust system
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,707,149: Mailbox with telescoping drawer
  • U.S. Patent No. D988,006: Foot brush
  • U.S. Patent No. D988,005: Foot brush
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,585,164: Rod jack apparatus
  • U.S. Patent No. D975,446: Tripod bag
  • U.S. Patent No. D969,530: Grill
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,490,613: Lighted pig feed dispersal apparatus
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,486,670: Quick disconnect system for muzzle devices
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,371,255: Truck bed camper
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,324,263: Fishing wader with breathable stocking foot bootie
  • U.S. Patent No. D950,847: Herb grinder for smoker
  • U.S. Patent No. D948,655: Optic mount for rifle
  • U.S. Patent No. D948,411: Roof rack for utility terrain vehicle
  • U.S. Patent No. D9467,268: Optical filter clamp
  • U.S. Patent No. D947,267: Optical filter clamp
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,274,507: Rod jack apparatus
  • U.S. Patent No. D946,070: Rotatable teleidoscope viewing stand
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,241,056: Replaceable earmuffs
  • U.S. Patent No. D940,506: Collapsible tumbler
  • U.S. Patent No. 11, 213, 155: Mailbox with telescoping drawer
  • U.S. Patent No. D932,598: Torque plate
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,107,011: System and devices for management of timed event admissions
  • U.S. Patent No. 11,066,881: Method and composition for stabilization of drill cuttings
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,827: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,826: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,825: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,824: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,823: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,822: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,821: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,820: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,819: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,818: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D921,817: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,827,785: Women’s zippered wader
  • U.S. Patent No. D902,422: Back massage tool
  • U.S. Patent No. D900,948: Surface pattern of a firearm barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,801,204: Structural support system
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,781,007: Handheld tool for installing wire on a fence
  • U.S. Patent No. D894,820: Tire
  • U.S. Patent No. PP33246: Ozark chestnut tree named ‘Oz Hunter’
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,764,981: Tunable LED light array for horticulture
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,750,853: Broom with light
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,704,623: Rope arrest-and-release device for use on utility poles
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,697,279: Portable pump system for use over a wellbore
  • U.S. Patent No. RE48,062: Firearm with gas-assist recoil operation system
  • U.S. Patent No. D880,849: Vest patch
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,591,262: Broadhead arrow
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,531,649: Spinnerbait fishing lure
  • U.S. Patent No. D871,175: Hand tool
  • U.S. Patent No. D870,546: Screw-type fencing staple
  • U.S. Patent No. D870,420: Women’s zippered wader
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,506,797: Urinary incontinence device for animals
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,501,185: UAV-mounted dispersant device with electronic triggering mechanism
  • U.S. Patent No. D866,991: Garment counter for a hanger
  • U.S. Patent No. D865,867: Demonstration display
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,466,461: Dynamic focus and zoom system for use with wide-field, confocal and multiphoton microscopes
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,416,429: Dynamic Focus and Zoom System for Use With Wide-Field, Confocal and Multiphoton Microscopes
  • U.S. Patent No. D860,376: Two-piece firearms target
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,345,071: Protective cover for hunting arrow heads stored in an archery quiver
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,342,840: Nanoparticulate titanium dioxide nanomaterial modified with functional groups and with citric extracts adsorbed on the surface, for the removal of a wide range of microorganisms
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,312,766: Submersible-rated roller table motor
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,234,259: Device for measuring the geometry of a wheel axle of a motor vehicle
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,168,117: Fiber winding system for composite projectile barrel
  • U.S. Patent No. D843,689: Garment with combined hood and neck gaiter 
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,054,576: System and device for nearfield gunshot and explosion detection 
  • U.S. Patent No. D821,041: Pet toy 
  • U.S. Patent No. 10,001,337: Composite multi-lobe projectile barrel 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,996,184: Touchscreen accessory and software for motion-disabled users 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,986,731: Motorized game cart 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,981,196: Spin art apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,962,303: Combination wheelchair-walker device 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,943,445: Angularly adjustable device for stabilizing impaled objects in the human body 
  • U.S. Patent No. D813,497: Garment 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,926,947: Air-to-hydraulic fluid pressure amplifier 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,921,022: Firearm with gas-assist recoil operation system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,909,279: Boom lockout device for hydraulic front shovel 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,869,299: Wind energy system and method for using same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,863,732: Lightweight composite mortar tube 
  • U.S. Patent No. D804,737: Chicken coop 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,808,665: Exercise device 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,801,353: Cattle immobilization apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,745,832: Tool for creating impressions of downhole objects 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,744,572: Apparatus for removing solids from sewers
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,723,772: Sod harvester with sod roll accumulator squeeze device 
  • U.S. Patent No. D793,628: Chicken coop
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,717,940: Trampoline suspension mount and connection system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,702,469: Leak-free rising stem valve with ball screw actuator 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,702,199: Device for removing rotating head rubbers from drill pipe 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,686,987: Method for inhibiting conidial germination and mycelial growth of fungi symbiotically associated with bark beetles 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,648,797: Sod harvester with flap control device 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,644,373: Tool for facilitating the cutting of shingles 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,622,458: Two-part self-righting pet toy with internal gripper petals 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,611,090: Open access water tank truck body 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,596,798: Sod roll layer compactor 
  • U.S. Patent No. D780,683: Tire 
  • U.S. Patent No. D779,886: Beverage container 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,560,887: Fluid management device for exercising athletes 
  • U.S. Patent No. D777,520: Beverage container 
  • U.S. Patent No. D774,445: Tire tread 
  • U.S. Patent No. D773,041: Catheter bag clip 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,505,122: Detachable tool kit and sheath combination assembly for chainsaw 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,435,173: Production string pressure relief system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,426,992: Method for inhibiting conidial germination and mycelial growth of fungi symbiotically associated with bark beetles 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,426,937: Sod harvester with flap control device
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,381,391: Jump rope 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,377,121: Leak-free rotary valve with internal worm gear 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,374,980: Cattle feeder 
  • U.S. Patent No. D758,285: Tire 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,359,153: Grain bin vacuum tube extension system for evacuating grain from a grain bin 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,352,251: Open top tank with tandem diffusers 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,333,822: Trailer hitch attachment system with multiple receivers 
  • U.S. Patent No. D755,112: Tire 
  • U.S. Patent No. D754,467: Griddle 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,325,107: Electrical connector assembly for neural monitoring device and method of using same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,261,644: Stabilizing apparatus for tremolo system for string instrument 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,261,073: Wind energy system and method for using same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,238,951: Polish rod seal 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,217,412: Wind energy system and method for using same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,181,026: Containment berm with internal “L” braces 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,135,817: Traffic management system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,132,932: Portable combination dishware set 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,129,526: Traffic management system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,125,242: Selectable resonant frequency transcutaneous energy transfer system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,120,541: Anchor retrieval device
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,091,032: Containment berm with internal quick latch stays
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,089,402: Orthotic joint and knee-ankle-foot orthotic device incorporating same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 9,062,810: Oil deflection apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,999,015: Apparatus for upgrading coal and method of using same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,998,345: Solution mining method with elongate sump 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,991,937: Solution mining method with horizontal fluid injection 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,978,288: Tip-up ice fishing apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,959,843: Telescoping frame system for portable home or other structure 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,935,987: Apparatus for increasing the visibility of an aircraft winglet 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,904,342: System and method for rapid development of software applications 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,888,154: Sod roll pickup mechanism 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,881,464: Weatherguard door sealing device with replaceable seal 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,874,413: Computer-implemented system and method for designing a fire protection system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,870,492: Interlocking rig mats 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,863,950: Hanging diaper pail 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,850,623: Helmet with energy management system 
  • U.S. Patent No. D714,090: Cooker 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,844,219: Primary framing system and a method of installation 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,844,212: Telescoping frame system for portable home or other structure 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,819,313: Traffic management system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,783,756: Tarp cover system rear arm assembly for use with three-piece tailgate
  • U.S. Patent No. D708,485: Beverage holder 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,760,285: Wildfire risk assessment 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,757,665: Interchangeable two-piece insert for snow ski or snowboard 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,734,419: Cloth training diaper 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,707,634: Collapsible modular building with canvas seams 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,690,119: Leak-free reciprocating stemmed valve 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,671,586: Apparatus for upgrading coal and method of using same
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,590,440: Combination walking stick and firearm support
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,555,558: Telescoping frame system for portable home or other structure 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,550,681: Light source assemblies
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,528,514: Piston for reciprocating engines 
  • U.S. Patent No. D688,407: Luminaire 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,496,228: Planetary gear ball valve 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,491,508: Device and method for stimulating the meibomian glands of the eyelid
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,490,946: Planetary gear valve 
  • U.S. Patent No. D685,110: Scaffolding tray 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,443,749: Floating island module comprised of postconsumer carpet fiber matrix and method of manufacturing same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,418,777: Agricultural folding scraper blade 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,413,039: Computer-implemented system and method for conducting field inspections and generating reports 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,372,277: Floating treatment streambed 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,371,041: Apparatus for upgrading coal
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,356,818: Durable target apparatus and method of ontarget visual display 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,333,275: Portable jar holder 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,327,579: Super-enhanced, adjustably buoyant floating island 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,287,728: Elevated swale for treatment of contaminated stormwater
  • U.S. Patent No. D666,780: Bee nesting habitat 
  • U.S. Patent No. RE43,615: Method for controlling the yeast-tofilamentous growth transition in fungi 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,250,808: Super-enhanced, adjustably buoyant floating island 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,250,800: Rifle chamber cleaning tool with debris capturing recesses 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,249,318: Method for identifying implanted reconstructive prosthetic devices 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,239,757: System and method for creating and modifying test data files 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,234,810: Apparatus and method for loading bullets into a bullet carrier of a magazine 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,132,786: Stemless ball valve 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,132,364: Highly buoyant and semi-rigid floating islands 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,115,050: Soaker pad for cloth diaper 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,112,934: Bear trap 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,086,471: Computer-implemented system and method for electronic medication administration records 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,079,343: Positive-displacement turbine engine 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,056,955: Trailer tarp cover system 
  • U.S. Patent No. D647,727: Baggie holder
  • U.S. Patent No. D645,565: Device for stimulating the meibomian glands of the eyelid 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,015,623: Belt extender 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,010,329: Computer-implemented system and method for designing a pressure-dosed drain field 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,001,932: Fish spawning structure 
  • U.S. Patent No. 8,001,607: System and method for obfuscation of data across an enterprise 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,971,855: Stemless ball valve 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,948,450: Apparatus and method for allowing display modules to communicate information about themselves to other display modules in the same display panel 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,941,970: Combination-cell foam floating island 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,939,802: Target with thermal imaging system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,938,784: Compact diagnostic neurological tool 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,918,477: Snowboard binding accessory 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,913,327: Automatically flushing toilet 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,891,334: Engine with variable length connecting rod 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,866,222: Mobile vacuum sampling system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,845,150: Horse halter with chin strap 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,825,143: Method for controlling the yeast-tofilamentous growth transition in fungi 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,820,969: Target with thermal imaging system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,819,932: Method and system for generating hydrogen-enriched fuel gas for emissions reduction and carbon dioxide for sequestration 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,810,279: Buoyant wetland system 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,805,330: System and method for cross-selling products and services across an enterprise 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,793,747: Touring motorcycle modification kit
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,789,043: Renewably buoyant, self-protective floating habitat 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,784,218: Combination-cell foam floating island 
  • U.S. Patent No. D621,104: Pet toy
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,766,755: Sandbox cover apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,744,109: Method and apparatus for aligning a trailer hitch 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,743,761: Rock cutting and trimming device 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,742,914: Audio spectral noise reduction method and apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,735,437: Exhaust gas cooling apparatus 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,712,478: Ergonomic crutch 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,673,350: Universal safety cap 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,644,529: Rifle bolt cleaning tool 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,631,446: Construction bucket 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,594,468: Wooden spiral for flavoring wine and method of manufacturing same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,581,591: Production casing ripper 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,559,428: Gun rack 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,555,866: Renewably buoyant, self-protective floating habitat 
  • U.S. Patent No, 7,507,188: Rehab cycle crank 
  • U.S. Patent No. 6,503,686: Apparatus and method for mixing fluids at the surface for subterranean treatments 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,481,483: Tube-style truck body 
  • U.S. Patent No. D585,162: Pet toy 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,470,097: Hay bale distribution chute with reorienting during trailer travel over the ground 
  • U.S. Patent No. D583,217: Gate latch
  • U.S. Patent No. D583,133: Boot 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,462,159: Knee-ankle-foot orthotic device 
  • U.S. Patent No. D580,637: Outsole 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,434,506: Propane bottle recycler 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,410,139: All-purpose hanger 
  • U.S. Patent No. D507,296: Level sensing switch 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,377,453: Dry material surface applicator 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,357,193: Air seeder disc scraper 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,341,862: Application of Muscodor albus to control harmful microbes in human and animal wastes 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,377,946: Device for resolving interpersonal relationship issues 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,334,370: Anchor for metal fence post 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,320,669: Biofidelic shoulder brace 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,317,371: Linear variable differential transformer with complimentary step-winding coils 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,310,824: Garment with hydrophobic forearms 
  • U.S. Patent No. D551,828: Gaiter 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,240,851: Thermostat fan and boiler timer 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,216,720: Multi-string production packer and method of using the same 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,210,366: Full support mainshaft and fifth gear design 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,207,621: Tube-style truck body 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,172,207: Collapsible cart 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,147,265: Collapsible truck bed cover 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,100,256: Method for converting a truck body
  • U.S. Patent No., 7,070,985: Application of volatile antibiotics and nonvolatile inhibitors from Muscodor spp. to control harmful microbes in human and animal wastes 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,028,919: Dry material surface applicator 
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,000,673: Vertically and horizontally swinging gate 
  • U.S. Patent No. 6,994,322: Frozen vehicle door puller 
  • U.S. Patent No. 6,961,973: Combination tool with hammer head, crescent wrench and pipe wrench
  • U.S. Patent No., 6,961,964: Pre-curved wader with front and back seams 
  • U.S. Patent No., 6,932,141: Vertically and horizontally swinging gate 
  • U.S. Patent No. 6,868,659: Native seed harvester with cam design

Toni is also a proud sponsor of the DevilStone Run


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Amicable photo of Toni

Antoinette M. Tease, P.L.L.C.

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